HerStory Archive

BURROWS, Eva

Born: 15/9/1929

Died: 21/3/2015

Special Achievements:

Eva Burrows was the first Australian (and only second) woman world leader of the Salvation Army.   Eva was also the youngest person ever elected to the office of General.  She served in that position from 1986-1993, during which time she administered the Salvation Army's religious and charitable work in over 100 countries.  In the Salvation Army, she was known affectionately as "The People's General" because of her willingness to spend time with individuals whatever their status.  

Additional Information:

Eva's policy achievements as General of the Salvation Army included the return of The Salvation Army to communist countries which had previously banned its ministry, the re-structuring and separation of the International Headquarters and the United Kingdom Territory, and a strong stance against apartheid in South Africa as "a philosophy of life that is contrary to the teachings of Christ". By postal ballot, The Salvation Army's High Council - with an almost unanimous vote -chose to extend the Eva's term as General for an additional two years, to bring to fruition substantive initiatives. She served in that capacity until her retirement in 1993.

In the Australia Day Honours of 1986 Burrows was appointed an Officer of the Order of Australia (AO) with the citation "In recognition of service to the temporal and spiritual welfare of the community and to social justice as the world leader of the Salvation Army". In 1994 it was upgraded to Companion of the Order of Australia (AC).

In 1988 she became an Honorary Doctor of Liberal Arts at Ewha Womans University in Seoul, and was awarded an Honorary LLD from Asbury University in the USA in 1988. In December 1993, she received an honorary Doctor of Philosophy from her alma mater, the University of Queensland and was recognised as Australian of the Year.

On 1 January 2001 Burrows received a Centenary Medal "[f]or service to the Australian community". In the same year she was also inducted to the Victorian Honour Roll of Women.

Eva was inducted into the Queensland Business Leaders Hall of Fame in 2012. 

In July 2015, General Eva Burrows was awarded the highest honour of the Salvation Army posthumously, the "Order of the Founder" in a ceremony at Boundless, in London which celebrated 150 years of the Salvation Army. 


Resources

  • Image - Eva Burrows

    Image courtesy of Eva Burrows, NPWHF collection


  • References

    In 1993 Henry Gariepy released Eva Burrows' biography, General of God's Army the Authorized Biography of General Eva Burrows.